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国内外有机农业发展趋势与战略对策思考
陈源泉,高旺盛
0
(中国农业大学 农学院,北京 100193)
摘要:
近年来,随着人们对环境保护、生态平衡、营养健康和食品安全的日益关注,有机农业蓬勃发展,全球有机农地面积、有机产品数量及消费等呈现持续增长的趋势。在此背景下,中国有机农业近年来也呈现良好的发展势头,有机农业产地认证面积和产品认证数量不断增加。本研究在对国内外有机农业发展趋势分析的基础上,重点对国内外有机农业的产量表现、生态效益、发展潜力和技术研究现状进行了归纳总结,提出了发展有机农业6点总体认识,并从政策体系、创新体系、市场体系、宣传推广体系建设以及业态模式创新5个方面提出了促进有机农业发展的对策建议,以期对我国有机农业高质量发展提供参考。
关键词:  有机农业  发展趋势  研究进展  对策建议
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2024.06.01
投稿时间:2023-12-04
基金项目:云南省重大科技专项(202202AE090029)
Development trends and strategic countermeasures of organic agriculture
CHEN Yuanquan, GAO Wangsheng
(College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China)
Abstract:
In recent years, organic agriculture has flourished with the increasing attention to environmental protection, ecological balance, human health and food safety. The area of global organic farmland, amount and consumption of organic production have continued to grow. In the meantime, China’s organic agriculture industry has shown a good development trend, with an increasing number and area of organic food certifications in the past decade. In this study, we summarize the yield performance, ecological benefits, development potential, and technological research status of organic agriculture at home and abroad. Six overall understandings of the development of organic agriculture are proposed. Finally, several countermeasures and suggestions are proposed, including strengthen the construction of policy system, technological innovation system, market system, propagation and promotion system, and business forms innovation for organic agriculture development to provide reference for the high-quality development of organic agriculture in China.
Key words:  organic agriculture  development trend  research progress  countermeasures and suggestions