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食品召回时间的影响因素实证分析
李洋1, CHEN , Sandra LIU2
0
(1.东北林业大学工程技术学院;2.普渡大学消费者科学系)
摘要:
社会经济高速发展,生活水平日益提高,食品安全问题成为人们关注的焦点,国内外食品召回事件频发,召回时间成为企业响应公共事件危机处理能力的一项重要指标。本文选取1994~2017年美国上市公司发生的271起食品召回事件为研究样本,从召回总量、召回范围、召回等级、召回原因、召回产品类型和召回主体等方面对美国上市公司食品召回的现状进行统计分析,构建多元线性回归模型对召回时间影响因素进行实证分析。结果表明:召回数量、分销范围、召回原因(细菌感染和外来物质)均与召回时间显著相关。结合美国食品召回的体系状况,为我国食品召回的发展提供借鉴性参考。
关键词:  上市企业  食品安全  食品召回  召回时间  召回数量
DOI:
投稿时间:2019-12-15修订日期:2019-12-15
基金项目:黑龙江省科学(QC2017080);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2572017CB05)
Empirical analysis of factors affecting food recall time
LI Yang, CHEN 1, Sandra LIU2
(1.College of Engineering and Technology,Northeast Forestry University;2.Department of Consumer Science,Purdue University)
Abstract:
The rapid development of society and economy and the improvement of living standards, food safety issues have become the focus of people"s attention. Food recall incidents at home and abroad are frequent, and the recall time has become an important indicator r for enterprises to respond to public incident crisis handling capabilities. This article selects 271 food recalls that occurred in US listed companies from 1994 to 2017 as research samples. Recall subjects and other aspects of the statistical analysis of the current situation of food recalls in US listed companies, based on econometric theory to construct a multiple regression model to conduct an empirical analysis of the factors affecting the recall time. The results showed that the number of recalls, the scope of distribution, and the reasons for recalls (bacterial infections and foreign substances) were significantly related to the recall time. Combined with the status of the US food recall system, it provides a reference for the development of China"s food recall.
Key words:  listed companies  food safety  food recall  recall time  recall number