玉米定向栽培理论与机械化种植技术研究综述
投稿时间:2016-09-10  修订日期:2016-09-10  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
权龙哲 东北农业大学工程学院 quanlongzhe@163.com 
奚德君 东北农业大学工程学院  
王建森 东北农业大学工程学院  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51405078)、中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2014M561318)、高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金资助项目(20132325120007);国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
中文摘要:人类对粮食安全的担忧和能源短缺的焦虑,使得科学、理想的农业增产模式已经成为全球共识。玉米是我国的重要粮食作物,提高玉米单产对保证粮食安全具有重要的现实意义,因此,以玉米机械化定向栽植为代表的智能型作业方式已经成为新型农业种植技术不可阻挡的发展趋势,学术界与工程界均给予较大关注。为了开展相关基础理论与关键技术研究,该文简介玉米定向栽培概况,综述国内外玉米机械化定向种植研究现状,从机械化定向种植、定向整列与运动控制、批量识别角度,重点讨论了玉米定向栽培基本原理与发展概况、玉米粒群及相关颗粒体群定向整列及运动控制方面的关键技术和玉米粒群批量识别技术,提炼存在的学术与工程问题,展望下一步研发思路,针对其研究进行论述与总结,为玉米机械化定向栽植提供新思路和理论依据。
中文关键词:玉米种子  定向栽培  机械化种植  综述
 
A review on the research on the theory and mechanization cultivation technology of maize
Abstract:Because of human worrie about food security and energy shortage of anxiety, making scientific, ideal mode of agricultural production has become a global consensus. Maize is an important crop in our country, to improve maize yield which has a practical significance to ensure the food security, therefore, has become the development trend of new agricultural planting mode irresistible to corn machine the directional planting intelligent operation mode as the representative of the engineering and academia are paying great attention. In order to carry out research on the basic theory and key technology, the introduction of the research status of maize cultivation orientation, summarized the planting corn mechanization mechanization planting orientation, from the directional line, and motion control batch identification perspective, discussed the basic principle and development of maize kernels and directional cultivation, group related particle group line and motion control of The key technology and corn group batch identification technology, refining the academic and engineering problems, the prospect of the next step for the research ideas, the research are discussed and summarized, to provide new ideas and theoretical basis for corn mechanization planting orientation.
keywords:maize seed  directional cultivation  mechanized planting  review
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