引用本文
  •    [点击复制]
  •    [点击复制]
【打印本页】 【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 143次   下载 122 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
社会资本对农民工工资及工资差距的影响
李珊珊,李晓峰
0
(中国农业大学 经管学院/国家农业农村发展研究院, 北京 100083)
摘要:
为探寻提高农民工工资水平和平衡工资差距的途径,本研究基于中国乡城人口流动调查2017年数据,通过最小二乘法和分位数回归法估计社会资本对农民工工资的影响并利用广义倾向得分匹配法进行稳健性检验,在此基础上,使用夏普里值分解方法探究社会资本对农民工工资差距的贡献程度。结果表明:社会资本能够显著提升农民工工资水平,对高工资农民工群体的提升作用更显著。分不同地区来看,相比于东部地区,在中西部地区社会资本对工资的提升作用更显著。社会资本在提高农民工工资水平的同时,拉大了农民工工资差距,加剧了农民工内部工资不平等。因此,要吸引农民工加入行业协会等组织,提高农民工社会资本水平;同时加强农民工技术培训,提升农民工人力资本水平,增强其工作的不可替代性;还要建立就业信息交流共享平台,提高就业信息传播顺畅度。
关键词:  社会资本  农民工工资  工资差距  广义倾向得分匹配法  夏普里值分解
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2022.10.23
投稿时间:2021-12-09
基金项目:农业农村部软科学项目(RKX202013B);国家社会科学基金重大项目(20ZDA073)
Influence of social capital on the wage and wage gap of migrant workers
LI Shanshan,LI Xiaofeng
(College of Economics and Management/National Agricultural and Rural Development Research Institute, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China)
Abstract:
In order to improve the wage level of migrant workers and balance the wage gap, this research based on the Chinese township city population flow survey data on 2017, the least squares and quantile regression is used to estimate the impact of social capital on migrant wages and use generalized tendency score matching for robustness test. On this basis, Sharply value decomposition method is then used to explore the degree of social capital contribution to the wage gap. The research results show that: The social capital can significantly improve the wage level of migrant workers, especially for the high-wage migrant workers. From the perspective of regional differences, compared with the eastern regions, the promotion effect of the social capital in the central and eastern regions are more significant. While the social capital raises the wages of migrant workers, also increases the wage gap between migrant workers and further increased the internal wage inequality among migrant workers. Therefore, it is necessary to attract migrant workers to join industry associations and other related organizations to improve the social capital level of migrant workers; to strengthen the technical training, improve the human capital level and enhance the irreplaceability of their work. It is also necessary to establish an employment information exchange and sharing platform to improve the smooth degree of employment information dissemination.
Key words:  social capital  migrant workers' wages  wage gap  GPS  sharply value breakdown