中国草本花卉DUS测试现状
投稿时间:2019-05-07    点此下载全文
引用本文:褚云霞,邓姗,陈海荣,任丽,章毅颖,赵洪.中国草本花卉DUS测试现状[J].中国农业大学学报,2020,25(2):34-43
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作者单位E-mail
褚云霞 上海市农业科学院 农产品质量安全与检测技术研究所, 上海 201403
农业农村部植物新品种测试(上海)分中心, 上海 201415
上海市设施园艺技术重点实验室, 上海 201403 
chuyx@189.cn 
邓姗 上海市农业科学院 农产品质量安全与检测技术研究所, 上海 201403
农业农村部植物新品种测试(上海)分中心, 上海 201415 
 
陈海荣 上海市农业科学院 农产品质量安全与检测技术研究所, 上海 201403
农业农村部植物新品种测试(上海)分中心, 上海 201415
上海市设施园艺技术重点实验室, 上海 201403 
sh57460009@163.com 
任丽 上海市农业科学院 农产品质量安全与检测技术研究所, 上海 201403
农业农村部植物新品种测试(上海)分中心, 上海 201415 
 
章毅颖 上海市农业科学院 农产品质量安全与检测技术研究所, 上海 201403
农业农村部植物新品种测试(上海)分中心, 上海 201415 
 
赵洪 上海市农业科学院 农产品质量安全与检测技术研究所, 上海 201403
农业农村部植物新品种测试(上海)分中心, 上海 201415 
 
基金项目:农业农村部农业行业标准制定和修订(181721301092371033)
中文摘要:为促进新品种权审查提速,尽早实现“快保护”,基于DUS测试实践及来源于农业农村部的数据分析,对我国草本花卉DUS测试现状进行总结。草本花卉的新品种权审批由农业农村部植物新品种保护办公室负责,农业系统具有相对完善的测试机构,拥有一支高素质的测试队伍,采用的是官方测试为主,现场考察为辅的实质审查方式。根据我国草本花卉DUS测试机构、测试指南、品种权申请与授权情况和DUS测试基本情况,归纳DUS测试中的常见问题,并提出提高DUS测试质量的建议。面对我国的丰富花卉资源保护重任,草本花卉DUS测试任重而道远。
中文关键词:草本花卉  DUS测试  现状
 
Present status of DUS testing for herbaceous ornamentals in ChinaCHU Yunxia1, 2, 3, DENG Shan1, 2, CHEN Hairong1, 2, 3*, REN Li1, 2, ZHANG Yiying1, 2, ZHAO Hong1, 2
Abstract:DUS test of plant varieties is the key point of the examination of plant breeder's rights, and also the technical support of varieties management. By the analysis of herbaceous flower DUS testing status to promote the examination of new varieties, and to speed up the realization “fast protection” as early as possible. Based on DUS testing practice and data analysis from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs(MARA), the situation of herbaceous flower new varieties DUS testing is summarized. The new Plant Variety Protection Office of MARA is the authority of herbaceous flowers new varieties rights. The MARA has a relatively perfect testing organization and a high-quality testing team. Official testing is the main method of DUS testing supplement with spot inspection in China. This study introduced the organization, the test guidelines, the application and authorization and the basic situation of DUS testing on herbaceous flowers in China. At the same time, this study summarized the common problems in DUS testing and put forward some suggestions to improve the quality of DUS testing. In order to fully protect the rich flower resources of our country, herbaceous flower new varieties DUS testing has a long way to go.
keywords:herbaceous ornaments  DUS testing  situation
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