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森林资源丰富度、生态产品价值实现与农村居民增收
曹先磊,任云鹤
0
(山西财经大学 国际贸易学院,太原 030006)
摘要:
为研究森林资源及其生态产品价值实现对农村居民增收的影响,在理论分析森林资源丰富度及其生态产品价值实现对农村居民收入增长影响的基础上,利用2006—2020年我国31个省(市、自治区)的宏观统计数据(统计数据未含港澳台地区,下同),定量分析与检验了森林资源丰富度及其生态产品价值实现对农村居民收入增长的影响与机制;并进一步分析了其对不同收入水平农民和城乡居民收入差距的影响。结果表明:1)森林资源增量提质、森林生态产品价值实现均有利于提高农村居民收入,且结果具有稳健性。2)异质性分析发现,森林资源质量提升以及森林生态产品价值实现对于资源充裕但经济欠发达地区的影响更为明显;而森林资源数量增加并没有促进该地区的农村居民增收。3)机制检验发现,森林资源丰富度及其生态产品价值实现在农民收入增长中存在协同作用,这一协同作用还能够提高乡村宜居宜业水平,进而增加农村居民收入。4)进一步分析发现,森林资源丰富度及其生态产品价值实现能够缩小城乡以及农村内部的收入差距,这对助力共同富裕具有重要意义。最后,提出了有效利用区域森林资源及其生态产品优势促进农村居民增收、助力共同富裕的政策建议。
关键词:  森林资源  生态产品价值实现  收入增长  乡村宜居宜业水平  共同富裕
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2024.08.03
投稿时间:2023-10-31
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(21YJC790003);国家自然科学基金面上项目(72273133,71873126);山西省研究生科研创新项目(2023KY521)
Forest resource richness, value realization of ecological products and income increase of rural residents
CAO Xianlei, REN Yunhe
(Faculty of International Trade, Shanxi University of Finance and Economics, Taiyuan 030006, China)
Abstract:
To study the impact of forest resources and their ecological product value realization on the income growth of rural residents, this study first theoretically analyzes the impact of forest resource richness and ecological product value realization on the income growth of rural residents. Then, using an macro statistical data from 31 provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) in China from 2006 to 2020(The data do not include those of Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan regions. The same below.), quantitative analysis and testing were conducted. Meanwhile, further analysis on the impact of forest resource richness and the realization of ecological product value on the income gap between farmers and urban-rural residents at different income levels was conducted. The findings are as follows: 1) The incremental improvement of forest resources and the realization of the value of ecological products are beneficial to the improvement of rural residents’ income and the results are robust. 2) Heterogeneity analysis shows that the improvement of forest resource quality and the realization of forest ecological product value have a more significant impact on resource abundant but economically underdeveloped areas; However, the increase in forest resources does not promote the income growth of rural residents in the region. 3) The mechanism test discovers that the richness of forest resources and the value of ecological products have a synergistic effect on the increase of farmers’ income, which can improve the level of livability and employment in rural areas, and thus increase the income of rural residents. 4) Further analysis shows that the realization of forest resource richness and the value of its ecological products can narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas and within rural areas, which is of great significance to the realization of the goal of common prosperity. Finally, this study puts forward some policy suggestions to effectively utilize the advantages of regional forest resources and ecological products to increase rural residents’ income and promote common prosperity.
Key words:  forest resources  realizing the value of ecological products  income growth  livability and employment level in rural areas  common prosperity