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缘何有机肥在经济作物中推广更顺利?——基于市场环境的讨论
孙彬涵1,罗小锋2,唐林3,桑贤策1
0
(1.华中农业大学 经济管理学院,武汉 430070;2.华中农业大学 湖北农村发展研究中心,武汉 430070;3.武汉工程大学 法商学院,武汉 430205)
摘要:
为探究有机肥替代技术在经济作物和粮食作物种植中应用存在差距的原因,通过构建“作物类型-市场环境感知-有机肥施用行为”的逻辑框架,基于豫鄂两省987个农户的微观调查数据,利用Probit和Tobit模型,分析农户主营作物类型对有机肥施用行为的影响效应,并使用层级回归法检验其作用机制。结果表明:1)相较于种粮户,有机肥替代技术在经济作物种植户中的采纳率及采纳程度明显更高;2)农户主营作物类型通过影响价格感知作用于其有机肥施用行为,在控制作物特性差异后该效应仍然存在,而销量感知的中介作用不显著;3)作物类型通过价格感知影响农户有机肥施用行为的作用路径,仅存在于以市场收益为导向的利润型农户中,对自给型农户有机肥施用行为的影响有限。因此,应该进一步规范粮食农产品市场秩序,保障优质优价机制的有效运行,并强化技术推广举措的针对性,促进有机肥替代技术入户,助力农业绿色发展。
关键词:  有机肥  经济作物  粮食作物  市场环境感知
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2024.06.25
投稿时间:2024-01-02
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(72073048);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2662022JGYJ001);教育部人文社科一般项目(23YJC790121)
Why does organic fertilizer promotion go smoother in cash crops? An analysis based on market environment
SUN Binhan1, LUO Xiaofeng2, TANG Lin3, SANG Xiance1
(1.College of Economics & Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China;2.Hubei Rural Development Research Center, Wuhan 430070, China;3.School of Law and Business,Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430205, China)
Abstract:
In order to finding the causes for the gap in the application of organic fertilizer substitution technology between cash crops and grain crops, this study constructed a logical framework of "type of crop-market environment perception-organic fertilizer application behavior". The Probit and Tobit models were adopted to analyze the effects of farmers' main type of crop on organic fertilizer application behavior, based on micro-survey data of 987 farmers in Henan and Hubei provinces. The mechanism was verified using cascade regression method. It was found that: Firstly, the adoption rate and substitution ratio of organic fertilizer substitution technology among cash crop farmers are higher than those of grain crop farmers. Secondly, the type of crop influences farmers' organic fertilizer application behavior through their perception of the price, and the influence persists after the differences in crop characteristics are controlled. But the mechanism of volume perception is not significant. Lastly, the mechanism of type of crop through the perception of price to influence farmers' organic fertilizer application behavior exists only among farmers who prefer market returns, and the effect is not significant on subsistence farmers. Therefore, the market of grain products should be further regulated, and the certification system of high-quality agricultural products should be improved. To guarantee the effective operation of the high quality and price mechanism, more targeted technology promotion initiatives should be taken to promote organic fertilizer substitution technology to households and contribute to the green development of agriculture.
Key words:  organic fertilizer  cash crops  grain crops  market environment perception