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有机农业虫害管理策略及方法
帕热提·艾山1,2,宁新元1,赵鹏1,刘小侠1
0
(1.中国农业大学 植物保护学院,北京 100083;2.新疆阿克苏地区农业技术推广中心,新疆 阿克苏 843000)
摘要:
为进一步推动害虫绿色防控新理念,解决有机农业中的虫害问题,基于Web of Science核心合集数据库(SCI-Expanded数据库)和中国科学引文数据库收集整理了近年来国内外有机农业虫害发生现状及绿色有效的虫害管理策略及方法。结果表明: 有机农业呈现持续增长态势,但农田系统中害虫种类及数量不断增加,为害程度逐年加重,带来了严重的经济损失,越来越多的科研工作者加入到有机农业虫害防治的队伍中,并在有机农业虫害防治方面获得了一批新技术,取得了一些新成果。本研究综述了我国有机农业主要害虫发生现状,提出了有机农业虫害的管理策略和绿色防治技术,为有机农业虫害治理提供了参考。
关键词:  有机农业  虫害发生  害虫防治  绿色防控
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2024.06.11
投稿时间:2023-12-01
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2022YFD1400300);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-28)
Strategies and methods for pest management in organic agriculture
AISHAN Pareti1,2, NING Xinyuan1, ZHAO Peng1, LIU Xiaoxia1
(1.College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China;2.Agricultural Technology Extension Center in Aksu Prefecture, Aksu 843000, China)
Abstract:
In order to further promote the new concept of green pest control and solve the pest problems in organic agriculture, publications on the current situation of pests in organic agriculture at home and abroad in recent years as well as the green and effective pest management strategies and methods were collected and organized based on the Web of Science Core Collection Database (SCI Expanded Database) and the China Science Citation Database. The results showed that: Organic agriculture was showing a sustained growth trend, but the types and quantities of pests in the agricultural system were constantly increasing, and the degree of damage was increasing year by year, bringing serious economic losses. More and more scientific researchers participated in organic agriculture pest control and obtained a number of new technologies in organic agriculture pest control and achieved some new results. This study provides an overview of the current situation of major pests in organic agriculture in China, and proposes management strategies and green control technologies for organic agriculture pests.
Key words:  organic agriculture  pest occurrence  pest control  green prevention and control