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试论生态农业的边界与科学技术原理
蒋高明1,2,刘美珍1,2,赵建设3
0
(1.中国科学院 植物研究所/植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093;2.中国科学院大学 资源与环境学院, 北京 100049;3.河南中远有机农业研究所, 郑州 450053)
摘要:
由于生态农业概念模糊,加之边界不清,生态学界对生态农业科学原理与技术总结不够,公众对生态农业理解有误,阻碍了生态农业产业发展。本研究通过总结、归纳和分析1982—2022年发表的相关文献,回顾了国内外生态农业提出的背景及其含义,分析了现代农业的9种主要形态及其特征,重新定义了生态农业的概念,厘清了生态农业的边界,提出了指导生态农业发展的理论体系与科学技术原理。并以山东省平邑县弘毅生态农场18年实践为例,实证了本研究提出的生态农业概念、理论与技术体系具有重要的应用与推广价值。
关键词:  生态农业  科学原理  范畴  应用技术  食品安全
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2024.06.02
投稿时间:2023-12-10
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(32071604)
Discussion on the boundary of eco-agriculture and its scientific technology principles
JIANG Gaoming1,2, LIU Meizhen1,2, ZHAO Jianshe3
(1.Institute of Botany/State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China;2.School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;3.Henan Institute of Organic Agriculture, Zhengzhou 450053, China)
Abstract:
Due to the unclear concept of eco-agriculture and the vague boundary, the scientific principles and technologies of eco-agriculture have not been well summarized, resulting in a serious misunderstanding of eco-agriculture in the society, which hindered the development of eco-agriculture industry. On the basis of summarizing the relevant literatures published from 1982 to 2022, this study briefly reviewed the background and significance of eco-agriculture concept at home and abroad, and analyzed the 9 main forms and characteristics of modern agriculture, the concept and the boundaries of eco-agriculture have been refined and clarified. Then we have proposed a theoretical system of science and technology to guide the health development of eco-agriculture. Finally, taking the 18 years practice of Hongyi Ecological Farm in Pingyi County,Shandong Province as an example, this study proves that the concept, theory, and technology system of eco-agriculture proposed here have important application and promotion values.
Key words:  modern eco-agriculture  scientific principles  category  application technology  food security