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扶贫项目资产管理对家庭脱贫增收效果的影响
李书奎1,任金政2*,赵鑫2
0
(1.中国农业科学院 农业经济与发展研究所, 北京 100081;2.中国农业大学 经济管理学院, 北京 100083)
摘要:
为探究扶贫项目资产管理对脱贫家庭收入的作用效果,基于3省9县3 085个脱贫家庭为研究样本,通过倾向得分匹配(PSM)、分位数回归等方法进行了实证分析。研究发现:实施扶贫项目资产管理能够有效提升脱贫家庭收入,通过PSM稳健性检验后结论依旧有效;作用机制分析发现,通过对资产进行权属划分、实现就近就业、提升村集体收入等途径促进脱贫家庭收入的稳步提升;异质性分析发现,对于一般脱贫家庭的作用效果最为显著,而对于五保脱贫家庭及低收入家庭的作用效果有限。因此,在两大战略衔接的关键时期:一方面要贯彻落实扶贫项目资产管理制度,另一方面要以五保脱贫家庭等低收入群体为防返贫监测对象,降低返贫风险,从而实现巩固与拓展脱贫攻坚成果的目标。
关键词:  扶贫项目资产管理  脱贫家庭收入  作用机制
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2023.05.22
投稿时间:2022-09-14
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(21&ZD177)
Research on the income increasing effect of poverty alleviation projects asset management on poverty-stricken families
LI Shukui1,REN Jinzheng2*,ZHAO Xin2
(1.Institute of Agricultural Economics and Development, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.School of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China)
Abstract:
In order to explore the effect of asset management of poverty alleviation projects on the income of poverty-stricken families, this study conducts empirical analysis by propensity score matching(PSM), quantile regression and other methods based on the survey data of 3 085 poverty-stricken families in 9 counties of 3 provinces. The results show that: The implementation of asset management of poverty alleviation projects can effectively increase the income of poverty-stricken families, and the conclusion is still valid after passing the PSM robustness test; The analysis of the mechanism of action found that the income of poverty-stricken families has been steadily increased through the division of ownership of assets, achieve employment nearby, and improvement of village collective income; Heterogeneity analysis found that it has the most significant effect on general poverty-stricken families, and has limited effect on Five Guarantee poverty-stricken families and low-income families. Therefore, In the strategic transition period of the two strategies: on the one hand, it is necessary to implement the asset management system for poverty alleviation projects; On the other hand, low-income groups such as poverty-stricken families under the Five Guarantees should be monitored to prevent returning to poverty, so as to achieve the goal of consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation.
Key words:  asset management of poverty alleviation projects  income of poverty-stricken families  action mechanism