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农村交通设施改善、数字乡村发展与农民工归乡创业
戴志强1,郭如良2*,李梦洁1
0
(1.江西农业大学 经济管理学院, 南昌 330045;2.江西农业大学 江西省乡村振兴战略研究院, 南昌 330045)
摘要:
为探讨农村交通设施改善、数字乡村发展对农民工归乡创业的影响,基于中国劳动力动态调查(CLDS)2016和2018年数据及2018年中国县域数字乡村指数的数据,利用Logit模型和调节效应检验模型实证检验了三者之间的关系。结果表明:农村交通设施改善对农民工归乡创业有显著的促进作用,但存在地区异质性和地形异质性;数字乡村发展在农村交通设施改善与农民工归乡创业之间存在调节作用,强化了农村交通设施改善对农民工归乡创业的促进作用;农村交通设施改善还会显著提升农民工归乡创业的创业绩效,且数字乡村发展在农村交通设施改善与农民工归乡创业绩效之间也存在调节作用。因此需要进一步优化农村交通设施,强化农村数字基础设施建设,以促进农民工归乡创业,提高农民工归乡创业绩效,推动农业农村现代化高质量发展,助力乡村振兴。
关键词:  农村交通设施  数字乡村  归乡创业
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2023.02.23
投稿时间:2022-04-21
基金项目:国家自然科学地区基金项目(72062018);江西省社会科学重点课题(20GL03);江西省高校人文社科规划项目(GL20113)
Rural transportation facilities improvement, digital countryside development and migrant workers returning home to start businesses
DAI Zhiqiang1,GUO Ruliang2*,LI Mengjie1
(1.College of Economics and Management, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China;2.Jiangxi Rural Revitalization Strategy Research Institute, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China)
Abstract:
In order to explore the impact of rural transportation facilities improvement and digital countryside development on migrant workers' return to start businesses, this study empirically tested the relationships among the three factors using Logit model and moderating effect test model based on the data of China Labor Dynamics Survey in 2016 and 2018 and the data of China county digital countryside index in 2018. The results show that: Rural transportation facilities improvement has a significant promoting effect on migrant workers returning to start businesses, but there is regional heterogeneity and terrain heterogeneity. Digital countryside development has a moderating effect between the rural transportation facilities improvement and the migrant workers return home to start businesses, strengthening the promotion effect of rural transportation facilities improvement of rural migrant workers returning home to start businesses. Rural transportation facilities improvement will also significantly improve the entrepreneurial performance of migrant workers in their hometowns, and digital countryside development also has a moderating effect on rural transportation facilities improvement and the entrepreneurial performance of migrant workers in their hometowns. Therefore, it is necessary to further optimize rural transportation facilities and strengthen the construction of rural digital infrastructure to further promote the return of migrant workers to their hometowns to start businesses, improve the performance of migrant workers to return to their hometowns to start businesses, promote the high-quality development of agricultural and rural modernization, and help rural revitalization.
Key words:  rural transportation facilities improvement  digital countryside development  migrant workers return home to start businesses