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黑龙江农田生态系统服务权衡与协同
刘洪秀1,赵华甫1,2*,冯新伟3,韩伟4
0
(1.中国地质大学(北京)土地科学技术学院, 北京 100083;2.自然资源部 土地整治重点实验室, 北京 100035;3.河南农业大学 资源与环境学院, 郑州 450002;4.黑龙江省自然资源生态保护修复监测中心, 哈尔滨 150000)
摘要:
为促进农田生态系统可持续发展,亟需探究旱改水背景下黑龙江省农田生态系统服务变化。本研究基于1995年、2005年、2015年、2020年4期遥感影像解译结果,分析黑龙江省农田分布、农田生态系统服务变化,评估其权衡与协同关系,识别热点区域并划分生态功能管理分区。结果表明:1)黑龙江省旱地改为水田趋势明显,全省水田面积增长162.45%,主要位于三江平原;2)研究区的粮食产量、碳固定量、土壤保持量呈上升趋势,水分亏缺量也随之增长;3)粮食供应和碳固定具有空间协同关系,而与水文调节、土壤保持存在显著的权衡关系。研究发现1995—2020年农田生态系统服务具有一致的权衡/协同关系,但相关程度存在差异。依次,全省可划分为农产品供给区、土壤保持区和生态保护区3类生态功能区,从而实现区域生态系统服务最大化。
关键词:  农田  生态系统服务  权衡  协同  黑龙江省
DOI:10.11841/j.issn.1007-4333.2023.02.14
投稿时间:2022-06-01
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金(21YJA630121);国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA096)
Trade-offs and synergy relationship of agricultural ecosystem services in Heilongjiang Province
LIU Hongxiu1,ZHAO Huafu1,2*,FENG Xinwei3,HAN Wei4
(1.School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China;2.Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation of Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100035, China;3.School of Resources and Environment, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China;4.Natural Resources Conservation and Restoration Monitoring Centre, Harbin 150000, China)
Abstract:
The aims of this study are to promote the sustainable development of the farmland ecosystem, and deeply investigate the changes of farmland ecosystem services in Heilongjiang Province in the context of the conversion of dry land to paddy fields. Based on the remote sensing image interpretation of 1995, 2005, 2015 and 2020, this study analyzes the changes of farmland distribution and farmland ecosystem services in Heilongjiang Province, evaluates the trade-offs and synergistic relationships, identifies hotspot areas and delineates ecological function management zones. The results show that: 1)The trend of dry land to paddy field conversion in Heilongjiang Province is obvious, and the paddy field areas in the province increased by 162. 45%, which are mainly located in the Sanjiang Plain; 2)The grain yield, carbon sequestration, and soil conservation in the study area show an increasing trend, and the water deficit also increases; 3)Food supply and carbon sequestration display spatial synergistic relationships, while there are significant trade-off relationships with hydrological regulation and soil conservation. It is found that farmland ecosystem services have consistent trade-off synergistic relationships from 1995 to 2020, but there are differences in the degree of correlation. In conclusion, to maximize regional ecosystem services, the whole province area can be divided into three types of ecological function zones, namely, the agricultural products supply zone, soil conservation zone and ecological protection zone.
Key words:  farmland  ecosystem services  trade-off  synergy  Heilongjiang Province